‘Qatargate’: How The EU Corruption Scandal Has A Lot To Do With Human Rights
Middle East and Human Rights Researcher
Global Human Rights Defence
As the World Cup was coming to an end, the worst corruption case in the history of European Union institutions started emerging. The scandal was soon called ‘Qatargate’, as EU officials and lobbyists have allegedly been corrupted by Qatari (and Moroccan) secret services to influence decisions of the European Parliament. Even though eight are known to have been arrested so far (European Parliament vice-president Eva Kaili, her partner Francesco Giorgi, former MEP Pier Luigi Panzeri, his wife and daughter, Maria Colleoni and Silvia Panzeri, trade unionist Luca Visentini, Belgian MEP Marc Tarabella, and Niccolò Figà-Talamanca, secretary of the NGO No Peace Without Justice), estimations say around 60 MEPs are involved in the corruption case. At the moment, 1.5 million Euros in cash have been found in the houses of those involved. 
But why should Qatar and Morocco be interested in the corruption of EU officials? The supposed reasons are several, and they mostly have to do with human rights. First is the controversy around the death of 6,500 migrant workers involved in the World Cup construction sites.  On November 24th, the EP plenary passed a resolution calling out FIFA and Qatar on the human rights situation in Qatar, especially for workers of migrant origin, asking to make the remediation program already in place more widespread and to provide compensation to the families of those involved.  That day, Eva Kaili took the floor and praised the “historical transformation” of Qatar, saying the country had been undergoing reforms that “inspired the Arab world” in terms of labour and human rights.  This is just an example of how Kaili, and other MEPs, might have advocated for Qatar’s interests in the European Parliament decisions, disregarding the situation on the ground.
On the other hand, the interest of Moroccan secret services in influencing European MEPs most likely lies in Western Sahara. Belgian investigations have focused on a range of topics, including fishing rights, a strategic issue for Morocco: the country is pushing for fish caught off Western Sahara to be included in its trade arrangements with the EU to strengthen territorial claims. 
As the scandal started to unravel, Human Rights Watch called on European institutions to “reassess EU-Gulf relations”: as investigations on Qatargate continue, policymakers are asked by the NGO to look at the broader picture and seriously reconsider EU’s unwillingness to address human rights violations in the Gulf region. 
Sources and further readings:
 Blenkinsop, P. (2022, December 20). “Qatargate” scandal casts light on “untouchable” EU lawmakers. Reuters. https://www.reuters.com/world/qatargate-scandal-casts-light-untouchable-eu-lawmakers-2022-12-20/
 Wheaton, S. (2022, December 14). Qatar scandal: What just happened at the European Parliament? POLITICO. https://www.politico.eu/article/eva-kaili-doha-panzeri-qatargate-what-just-happened-at-the-european-parliament/
 European Parliament. (2022). Situation of human rights in the context of the FIFA world cup in Qatar. European Parliament resolution of 24 November 2022 on the situation of human rights in the context of the FIFA World Cup in Qatar (2022/2948(RSP)).
 EU Debates, eudebates.tv. (2022, December 11). Qatar Corruption Scandal: Eva Kaili debates human rights situation in Qatar FIFA world cup 2022 [Video]. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Esox4i4pKAw
 Bencharif, S. (2022, December 20). EU Parliament scandal: The Morocco connection. POLITICO. https://www.politico.eu/article/qatargate-antonio-panzeri-francesco-giogrio-eu-parliament-scandal-the-morocco-connection/
 Francavilla, C. (2022, December 15). ‘Qatargate’ Highlights Need to Reassess EU-Gulf Relations. Human Rights Watch. https://www.hrw.org/news/2022/12/15/qatargate-highlights-need-reassess-eu-gulf-relations