Syrian Ex-Officer Found Guilty of Crimes Against Humanity by German Court
Europe and Human Rights Researcher - Europe Team Coordinator
Global Human Rights Defence
This Thursday, 13th of January 2022, Anwar Raslan, former Syrian colonel, was condemned to life in prison for his role in the atrocities committed in the Al-Khatib prison where protesters and political opponents were detained.
Thanks to the testimonies of 80 people,which included ex-detainees of Al-Khatib, the court found enough evidence to charge Raslan for the murders of 27 people, 2 sexual assaults, as well as torture of around 4 000 people between 2011 and 2012 while he was a security service officer in the prison.
This trial held in Koblenz is historical. It is the first-time Syrian state officials have been brought before a court. After years spent by human rights NGOs and Syrian activists documenting the crimes, the ruling finally acknowledged that the Assad government committed crimes against humanity. This sends a strong signal to the regime and gives recognition to the suffering endured by the Syrian population.
Previously, Russia and China have used their vetoes to prevent the UN Security Council from referring the violations committed in Syria to the International Criminal Court. By employing the principle of universal jurisdiction in bringing this case to court, Germany has shown to other countries that justice can be achieved.
Sources and further reading:
AFP. (2022, January 13). Un haut gradé du renseignement syrien condamné à la perpétuité en Allemagne pour crimes contre l’humanité, une première historique, Le Monde.
Hill, J. (2022, January 13). German court finds Syrian colonel guilty of crimes against humanity, BBC. https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-59949924
(2022, January 13). Syrian ex-colonel given life jail term for crimes against humanity in landmark German case. Euronews. https://www.euronews.com/2022/01/13/historic-verdict-due-in-german-trial-over-syrian-regime-s-crimes-against-humanity